Make Your Own Bitters, Better

The Bourbon Steak Old Fashioned, made with House Spiced Bitters.

Don’t be daunted; crafting your own bitters truly makes for cocktails you can call your own.

Think about a time you’ve cooked a favorite recipe for soup. Sometimes you taste a spoonful and realize, despite the fact that the stock pot is filled with lots of different ingredients, it still needs something to meld it all together. So you add a dash of this and a pinch of that, until you can taste both the individual ingredients and the sum of its parts. That kitchen alchemy is the same way bitters work behind the bar. Used in small doses, bitters have an uncanny ability to add dimension and coax out a drink’s individual aromas and flavors. And while we are lucky to live in this age of the cocktail renaissance, where copious brands of commercially-made bitters are set on store shelves just waiting to be shaken into cocktail tins, it’s also quite a lot of fun (not to mention a learning experience) to make your own.

At Tales of the Cocktail this past July, Auchentoshan brand ambassador Robin Nance and Hella Bitters co-proprietor Tobin Ludwig hosted a bitters seminar. Fittingly held at the New Orleans Pharmacy Museum, this interactive session taught guests about the history of bitters (as well as their use both as a drink ingredient and elixir). Attendees started off by sipping the Seelbach Cocktail (a Bourbon-based sparkling wine cocktail with bitters that was created at and named for Louisville, Kentucky’s Seelbach Hotel). After a little liquid inspiration, they were invited outside to the courtyard, where tables sets up with botanical tinctures let them create their own perfect combination.

Auchentoshan bitters seminar - Make your own bitters

Want to try your hand at crafting your own bitters? “Citrus bitters are relatively easy to create and probably have the most diversity in terms of areas of use,” notes Dan Rook, head bartender of South Water Kitchen in Chicago. “You basically only need the peels of the citrus, a bittering agent, one or two flavoring agents, high proof alcohol, and water.” Versatile and crowd-pleasing, they can be used in both whiskey-based cocktails like the Old Fashioned or Manhattan, as well as gin-based Martinis and any Tequila tipples. Rook’s Smoked Apple Chicory Bitters are a bit more labor intensive, but the chicory root lends a bitter, coffee-like note that just can’t be duplicated with anything else. (These bitters are perfect in winter warmer libations.)

Torrence Swain, head bartender at Bourbon Steak in Washington, DC, calls his House Spiced Bitters approachable for beginners. Starting with a base of Everclear, they also contain star anise, cassia bark, cinnamon bark and whole cloves, soaked in a jar for two weeks before being strained and bottled. “If you want to change it up, keep your base and add a choice of fresh herbs, roots, barks, fruits or rinds,” he explains. “Just keep in mind you always want to have one bitter element, such as cassia bark, to round out the flavor and add structure.” He says Boyd & Blair Potato Vodka from Pittsburgh is a nice substitute for the Everclear, as it’s high proof at 151 ABV, with a clean profile and finish.

Of course, Rook says, you can also start your bitters with a base of Bourbon or rum, just remember to keep in mind they will take on the spirit’s flavor profile. “As with cocktails, I think balance is important,” he notes. “Find the right harmony between your bittering agents and flavoring agents.” Also keep in mind that bitters take at least a month to prepare, so if you are planning on using them for seasonal cocktails, give yourself ample time to taste and experiment. Finally, he says, have fun. “Enjoy the process, and know that the light at the end of that tunnel of patience is your own homemade creation you can park on your home bar for a long time.”

House Spiced Bitters

Recipe courtesy of Torrence Swain, Head Bartender, Bourbon Steak, Washington, DC

  • 8 oz. Everclear
  • 25 g star anise
  • 25 g cinnamon bark
  • 25 g whole cloves
  • 25 g cassia bark

Soak all ingredients for two weeks in an airtight container such as a Mason jar. After two weeks, strain through a cheesecloth and store bitters in a dropper bottle. Add 2 or 3 dashes to your cocktails. The bitters work well in an Old Fashioned or Manhattan, or in Swain’s Give ‘Em Hell, Harry.

Give 'Em Hell, Harry cocktail recipe - Make your own bitters

Give ‘Em Hell, Harry

Recipe courtesy of Torrence Swain, Head Bartender, Bourbon Steak, Washington, DC

  • 2 oz. Bourbon
  • 1 oz. Cream Sherry
  • 3 dashes House Spiced Bitters
  • Lemon twist, for garnish
  • Bourbon cherry or maraschino cherry, for garnish

Add the first three ingredients to a cocktail glass, add ice and stir until chilled. Strain into a chilled coupe glass, or over ice in a rocks glass, and garnish with the lemon twist and cherry.

Smoked Apple Chicory Bitters

Recipe courtesy of Dank Rook, head bartender, South Water Kitchen, Chicago, IL

  • Rinds from 6 apples (reserve apples for another use)
  • Rinds from 1 ½ lemons
  • 4 cinnamon sticks
  • 1 tsp. chicory root
  • ½ tsp. wormwood
  • ½ tsp. ground allspice
  • ¼ tsp. coriander seeds
  • ½ tsp. birch bark
  • 4 cloves
  • 2 cups (or half a 750ml bottle) Wild Turkey 101 Bourbon Whiskey
  • 1 cup water
  • 2 tbsp.demerara syrup

Smoke the apple rinds in a smoker or a grill, then add the apple rinds and lemon rinds into an empty Mason jar or large container. Add all bittering agents, then add spices. Add Bourbon, seal jar, and shake to combine. Set it in a dark place for two weeks, shaking once or twice per day to emulsify ingredients with the Bourbon. Strain the resting bitters through a cheesecloth into another empty Mason jar, squeezing to remove as much liquid as possible. Pour the remaining solids into enough water to make sure the solids are saturated and covered. Bring the mixture to a boil, lower heat and simmer for 10 minutes. Allow mixture to cool, then add it to an empty Mason jar. Let both Mason jars set for a week out of direct sunlight. Add the liquid from the Mason jar filled with solids into the Mason jar filled with Bourbon and liquids, straining with a cheesecloth to remove solids. Discard solids, add demerara syrup to Mason jar, seal and shake. Let it set for three days out of direct sunlight.

Leatherneck cocktail recipe - Make your own bitters

Leatherneck Cocktail

Recipe courtesy of Dan Rook, head bartender, South Water Kitchen, Chicago, IL

  • 1 ½ oz. Maker’s Mark Bourbon Whiskey
  • 1 ½ oz. 4 Roses Yellow Label Bourbon Whiskey
  • ¾ oz. spiced honey and brown sugar syrup (see Note)
  • 1 oz. Fever Tree Ginger Beer
  • 4 dashes Smoked Apple Chicory Bitters
  • Lemon wheel, for garnish
  • Freshly grated nutmeg, for garnish

Build in the glass using a Hot Toddy method, but do not add hot water to the drink itself, stir in small tin on top of hot water. Garnish with a lemon wheel and freshly grated nutmeg.

For the Spiced Honey and Brown Sugar Syrup:

Combine equal parts honey, brown sugar and water. Simmer until sugar is dissolved, remove from heat and add cinnamon sticks and clove, steeping to taste and then removing solids.

Kelly Magyarics, DWS, is a wine, spirits and lifestyle writer, and wine educator, in the Washington, D.C. area. She can be reached on her website,, or on  Twitter  and  Instagram  @kmagyarics.

Suggested Articles

More than ever, we need Congress to help our independent restaurants which are proven to be a foundation of the U.S. economy.

The list has extended to several states and even more counties as COVID-19 cases rise.

The latest data shows U.S. jobless claims at 1.5 million, a small decrease from the previous week.